Hunchak et al, publish early mortality results from TASH-ED in BMC Research Notes

Hunchak et al, publish early mortality results from TASH-ED in BMC Research Notes

Patterns and predictors of early mortality among emergency department patients in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, has published in BMC Research Notes, an online, open-access journal on October 24, 2015 Authors Cheryl Hunchak, Sisay Teklu, Nazanin Meshkat, Christopher Meaney and Lisa Puchalski Ritchie. Background: Ethiopian emergency department (ED) patients have a considerable burden of illness and injury for which all-cause mortality rates have not previously been published. This study sought to characterize the burden of and to identify predictors for early all-cause mortality among patients presenting to the Tikur Anbessa Specialized Hospital ED (TASH-ED) in Ethiopia. Methods: Data was prospectively collected from the records of all patients who died within 72 h of ED presentation. Pearson’s Chi square and Fisher’s exact tests were used to investigate associations between two outcome variables: (a) time to death and (b) immediate cause of death in relation to specific demographic and clinical factors. Time from ED presentation to death was dichotomized as ‘very early’ mortality within ≤6 h and death >6–72 h and logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted impact of these demographic and clinical variables on the probability of dying within 6 h of ED presentation. Results: Between October 2012 and May 2013, 9956 patients visited the ED and 220 patients died within 72 h of admission. After excluding patients dead on arrival (n = 34), the average age of death was 43.1 years and the overall mortality rate was 1.9 %. Head injury (21.5 %) and sepsis (18.8 %) were the most common causes of death. Relative to medical patients, trauma patients were more likely to be male (p < 0.01), less likely to have...
Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action 2015

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action 2015

On June 2, 2015, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada released a summary of its examination of the impact of Indian Residential Schools. From establishment of the residential schools program in the late 1800s to its end in 1996, over 150,000 First Nations, Metis, and Inuit children were separated from their families and placed in government funded schools. While acknowledging that some students had positive experiences, the report asserts that the program was part of a “cultural genocide” designed to “eliminate Aboriginal people as distinct peoples and to assimilate them into the Canadian mainstream against their will.” Collecting thousands of testimonials and statements over 6 years, this report documents experiences of former students, families, communities, and others involved with the residential school system. The document was designed to serve as a “permanent record of the Indian residential school legacy,” or what commission chair Justice Murray Sinclair, called “a reference document… for generations to come.” In addition the report makes 94 recommendations that aim to correct past injustices and build a framework for “establishing and maintaining a mutually respectful relationship between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal peoples.” The recommendations include: – Full adoption and implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – Reform and reinforcement of child welfare, education, justice, and health care systems – Recognition of Aboriginal language rights and promotion of Aboriginal languages The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada report can be found at www.trc.ca. PHOTO – Commission chairman Justice Murray Sinclair speaks at the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in Ottawa on Tuesday, June 2, 2015 in Ottawa. (Credit: THE CANADIAN PRESS/Adrian...
CCHT’s Disaster and Humanitarian Response Training Program May 4-17, ’15

CCHT’s Disaster and Humanitarian Response Training Program May 4-17, ’15

The Canadian Consortium for Humanitarian Training (CCHT) is pleased to announce that the 2015 Edition of the Disaster and Humanitarian Response Training Program will be held from May 4-17 in Montreal, Quebec. This exciting, multi-disciplinary training program that includes in class learning and a 3-day field simulation, will provide students and mid-career professionals with the core humanitarian competencies that are essential for anyone involved in disaster response and/or humanitarian assistance. Participants will learn about the background and context of humanitarian emergencies, international humanitarian law, doctrines and operating procedures for technical areas. Instructed by a community of humanitarians and faculty from around the globe the program also offers an occasion to join an exciting network of humanitarians. Registration is now open, spaces are limited. For more information click here or see attached flyer. Contact Melanie Coutu (Program Manager) at melanie.coutu3@mcgill.ca if you have any further questions. CCHT General Flyer...
The Borderless Plague: A Conversation about Ebola and its Global Ramifications

The Borderless Plague: A Conversation about Ebola and its Global Ramifications

Come listen to GHEM Director, James Maskalyk, and James Orbinski, at the Toronto Public Library on Sunday, February 8, 2015. Tickets are FREE but space is limited! Get your tickets here. Featuring Dr. James Maskalyk, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) and author of Six Months in Sudan and Dr. James Orbinski, Former president of Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), bestselling author of An Imperfect Offering. Moderated by Carol Off, Host of CBC Radio’s As It Happens A fascinating conversation with two of Canada’s most respected international health advocates as they discuss the physical and political challenges posed by the Ebola...
Free online course – Ebola in Context

Free online course – Ebola in Context

The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) is offering a free two-week online course in January 2015 entitled “Ebola in Context: Understanding Transmission, Response, and Control”. The course will look at the science behind the Ebola outbreak, to understand why it has occurred on this scale and how it can be controlled. Who is this course for? This course is designed for healthcare professionals or anyone working in a health organisation; undergraduate students taking a healthcare or science-related degree; medical students and postgraduates wishing to complement their studies; and anyone else with a keen interest in the science behind Ebola. For more details and to register click...
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